is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. The capital of the periphery is Larissa. The prefecture lies in central Greece and borders Macedonia on the north, Epirus on
the west, Sterea Hellas or Central Greece on the south and the Aegean Sea on the east.
Its Geography consists of a ring of mountains surrounding a
central plain: Trikala and Larissa lowlands. It has a distinct summer and winter season, with summer rains augmenting the fertility of the plains. This has led to Thessaly occasionally being called the breadbasket of
The region is well delineated by topographical boundaries. The Khasia and Cambunian mountains lie to the north, the Olympus massif to the northeast. To the west lies the Pindus mountain range, to the
southeast the coastal ranges of Ossa and Pelion. Several tributaries of the Pinios River flow through the region.
There are a number of highways and the main railway from Athens to Thessaloniki (Salonika)